Replenishing aquifers is crucial to Montana’s agriculture and communities. Trapping beavers in upstream, publicly owned forests and drainages reduces water retention and stream flow critical for irrigation, drinking water, wildlife, and fish habitat. Beaver-created ponds and riparian habitat are critical to the success of healthy watersheds and species ranging from moose to songbirds, as well as the creation of natural firebreaks and overall healthy watersheds.
- Riparian zones provide essential browse for elk, deer, moose and cattle.
- Beaver dams improve and protect downstream spawning area from sedimentation. They provide spawning, rearing and feeding areas for fish by providing deep cool ponds.
- Restored aquifers produce storage for millions of acre feet of water along the 60,000 miles of mountain creeks in Montana, would increase the water supply and vital during droughts.
- Beavers are “master river engineers” and cost a fraction as much as conventional stream restoration projects.
- Beaver ponds create wetlands which are among the most biologically productive ecosystems in the world "2" and provide habitats for plants, insects, amphibians, fish, waterfowl , song birds, and mammals.
- Beaver dams decrease the risk and cost of major flooding and slows erosion.
- "2". U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Functions and Values of Wetlands, EPA 843-F-01-002c, September 2001.